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DIG IN THE LAND OF BABOs

DIG IN! : The Land of Babos Is Worth Only 15.00 Rupiah to BP The oil and gas giant, BP has squandered the local people's trust in Babo, especially the villages of Tanah Merah and Saengga, Manokwari Regency. Their "noble and accommodating acts" have turned into nothing more than a waste dump, since the Company never shows any real signs to fulfill its sweet promises. Promises of the right to all people, which was earlier mentioned is fundamental. Babo is an area in Manokwari Regency, geographically located in the "Bird's Head" region of Papua Island, precisely around the area of Bintuni Bay. BP intends to explore and exploit the area for natural gas and oil, along with two other municipalities: Bintuni and Aranday. In the beginning, the people gave a warm welcome to the Company's plans to operate in their territory. They optimistically believed the presence of the Company would bring changes and development. Needless to say, it turned out the other way around. "We have been deceived by the company and government; yet we realize we are in a very tough position that up until today we still have not have the courage to voice and fight for our aspirations", stated one villager to PERDU, a NGO in Manokwari Regency that deals with natural conservation and community development. The BP Tangguh LNG project has been presented by BP as win-win contract project (KPS) with a proven LNG deposit of 18,3 TCF, with a possible reserve of 5,4 TCF or more. BP is a multinational company with a majority share in the project. The share division of the Tangguh LNG project, which includes the Weriagar, Berau and Muturi gas fields, includes: BP 50%, Mitsubishi 16%, Nippon 12%, BG 11%, KG (Kanetsu Corp) 10% and Nissho Iwai 1 %. For gas, the share split is 70:30 for Pertamina and the Contractor, minus operational costs. The width of the operational area consists of 3 regencies: Sorong, Manokwari, and Fakfak; all are sacred indigenous lands. In Papua there is no such thing as State Land. The downstream activity (LNG refinery and other infrastructures) consumes about 3,416 hectares of land with later stages of development planning to consume land in the northern coastal area. The Compensation Agreement Based on available information, the Company has made a deal with the local community. In the dialogue, several agreements have been reached, like land compensation, plantation compensation, houses and several social infrastructure constructions (schools, mosques, churches, clean water) at the time of relocation and resettlement, scholarship distribution for the children of Bintuni Bay and the opportunity to become a BP employee. The compensation given turns out to be inhuman. How is it possible that a one-meter-square land be worth Rp 15.00 only, and the community land, a mere Rp 30.00? Moreover, the community land compensation has never really been paid in cash. The company has stolen packets of land for a mere 15.00 Rupiah while resettling the community and promising social infrastructure development. Even today, the people are still dissatisfied with the compensation amount. They are sure they have been deceived by the Company and government. When the negotiation took place, the facilitator called Tim 9, formed by the Manokmawari Regent and lead by a Government Assistant to Bintuni Bay, to press the compensation to such lowness, saying it was based on a decree from the Level II Regent of Manokwari No.213/1997, dated 12 May 1997, about the Standard Compensation Amount for Land and Plantations. The local community was not familiar with the basic compensation amount for land, a right owed to them. The community has entrusted their faith to the mining companies and government. During the process, the first price offered was 300,000,000 Rupiah per hectare; Pertamina-Acro offered 100,000,000 Rupiah per hectare, and so the final price agreed upon was 150,000,000 Rupiah per hectare. The Manokwari Government Administration Region II has always supported and legalized all BP activities. The government also played a strategic role during the negotiation process between the local community and BP. Land compensation was discussed. The compensation amount of Rp 30 per square meter actually did not consider the realistic current and future conditions of the development of the Bintuni Bay area. The location taken over for the LNG refinery, which is as wide as 3000 hectares, in the Tanah Merah village consists of 500 hectares owned by the Simunian ethnic group, 850 hectares owned by the Sowayan ethnic group, and 1600 hectares owned by the Wayurian ethnic group. Meanwhile, the remaining 50 hectares is not compensated. The community voluntarily gave their land to Pertamina-Arco. The Rp 30,000,000, paid was given as compensation for the 200 hectares of loss plant land, based on the Manokwari Regent Decree dated 12 May 2001, No.23/1997. "Not only that, up until now we have not received assurance of when we are going to be relocated. Whereas, BP are now enjoying temporary status to live on the land that is now owned by BP, and we are not allowed to build and plant", stated one Tanah Merah villager. The most dreadful impact that causes fear in the people of Tanah Merah and Saengga are leaky pipes, the refinery and dumping of tailings into the sea, which will pollute and kill an important shrimp resource, fish and crabs, mangroves and will also threaten relocation areas. The air will also be battered by pollution as seen in East Kalimantan. The people are beginning to realize that the agreement they made with BP is a mistake. They do not want similar conditions that are presently occurring in Bintuni Bay to continue and nor do they want what has happened in East Kalimantan. The community must prepare themselves to anticipate bad impacts from the presence of such a refinery. The company continues to parade the positive impacts of such a LNG plant in East Kalimantan and has been involved in socialization programs in each village there. The people are starting to be more critical and are speaking out against the presence of BP. These people generally come from the Sumuri community. This community lives outside the educated Tanah Merah and Saengga areas, like Sorong, Manokwari, and Fakfak. However, there are also those who support the Company, such as the government. Some of the indigenous community of Bintuni Bay call the BP supporters "People who have been bought by BP". Geographically, both Tanah Merah and Saengga villages are situated next to each other in the coastal area of Bintuni Bay. The territory is surrounded by vast land and mangrove forests. An important hydrologic system is existent there, with good water absorbency because of the existing natural vegetation, which has not been spoiled, and the contoured topography. Geologic features include sandy soils. The climate is tropical-wet, with a minimum temperature of 22°C and an average rainfall of 2.688. Fishing, mainly shrimp farming, is the major source of living for the people. The average rate of shrimp production is between 10 to 25 kg/day, especially during peak season periods. The selling price set by PT Usaha Mina and PT Bintuni Mina Raya (Djayanti Group) is Rp 25,000-/kg. This means that the community income in a day reaches about Rp 250,000,- to 625,000,-/kg. But this figure does not include the income gained from selling fish (Rp 7,500,-/kg), shark fin (Rp 400,000,- to 700,000,-/kg), scouts (> Rp 300,000,-/kg), and crocodile skin via several companies. The rich area of Bintuni will become only a memory if BP goes ahead with its LNG operation without any proper environmental care. Source: Information compiled from the Perdu data base

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3 komentar:

Hen said...

I liked West papua, I wanted to remain older and to enjoy his scenery that is beatiful. West Papua the peace
land

Anonymous said...

I liked papua, I wanted to remain older and to enjoy his scenery that indah. papua the peace
land

Imam Soeseno said...

Apakah PT Bintuni Minaraya masih beroperasi?
Salam dari Bogor,
Imam Soeseno

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